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The word order inside a sentence in Amharic is different than in English. Generally the verb goes at the end of the sentence and the structure is: Subject / Object / Verb.
For example:

Sentence “I am a student”
ïne tämari näñ
እኔ ተማሪ ነኝ

“ene temari negn”

I student am
Subject Object Verb

If we now add an adjective to the sentence, it will go before the object:

Sentence “He is a good student”
(ïssu)* t’ïru tämari näw
(እሱ) ጥሩ ተማሪ ነው

“(essu) t’eru temari new”

(he) good student is
(Subject) Adjective Object Verb

*the pronoun is often omitted in Amharic


In the case of a question, when it anticipates a “yes” or “no” answer, the sentence is  formed in the same way (Subject / Object / Verb) an only the intonation changes: 

Question Is he an student ?
tämari näw ?
ተማሪ ነው ?

“temari new?”

Literally student (he) is?

Another way to build this type of question is adding the word wäy after the verb and also using the intonation of a question:

Question Is he good?
t’ïru näw wäy ?
ጥሩ ነው ወይ

“t’eru new wey ?”

Literally good (he) is ?

There is another kind of questions that ask for specific information and that use a word like “who”, “what” or “where”. These type of words usually go before the verb and the the verb is “to be” they are written as an only word:

Question Who is that student?
ya tämari man näw ?
ተማሪ ማን ነው ?


ya tämari mannäw ?
ተማሪ ማንው
Literally That student who (he) is ?

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